Culture and Insights - Corfu guide | Angsana Corfu Resort
The charm and the mystery of being a Corfiot - some facts that dazzle
Corfu (Kerkyra in Greek), unlike the rest of Greece, never fell under the Ottoman oppression. Due to the successive dominations of the Venetians, the French and the British over the centuries, the island has primarily become part of the Western rather the Levantine world. Culture that prevailed and was embedded in the architecture and lifestyle of the main town resulted in a number of achievements surpassing time and place: it was here that the first Greek University (the Ionian Academy), the first Philharmonic Orchestra and the First School of Fine Arts were founded.
Stroll at Spianada square, you will be delighted by its open air ambience and infinite layout. It is indeed the biggest square in Greece or even better the biggest in Balkan. The word “Spianada” originates from the Italian word “spianare”, which means flatten and is connected with the Venetian’s decision to improve island’s defense by demolishing the surrounding houses (approximately 2500 houses).
Libro D’oro- Liston, the Aristocrats’ Promenade
Feel like a royal in Corfu, walk the path of the King and Queens once lived on Corfu island. Liston, the road of aristocrats, was built in 1807 by the French imperial commissioner Mathieu de Lesseps, who was inspired by the Rue de Rivoli of Paris. Liston was for many years accessible only to the island’s aristocrats. Only those who their name was written in the Libro D’oro, the golden list of royal names (Italian: “The Golden Book”) had access to the area. Liston means "on the list", List-on, write your name on the list of those who strolled here throughout the years.
Mon Repos and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Mon Repos was built as a summer residence for the British Lord High Commissioner of the United States of the Ionian Islands, Frederick Adam, and his second wife (a Corfiot), Diamantina “Nina” Palatino, in 1828–1831. After the union with Greece in 1864, the villa was granted to King George I of the Hellenes as a summer residence; he renamed it “Mon Repos” (French for “My Rest”). Prince Philip was also born on there, on June 10, 1921.
Achilleion Palace (1 km from Angsana Corfu)
Achilleion Palace was built under the order of Empress Elizabeth of Austria, the famed Princess Sissy. It is also one of the most famous royal mansions in Europe and the most important architectural landmark in Corfu, the famous backdrop of the casino scene of the James Bond film, "For Your Eyes Only" filmed back in 1981.
Korkyra myth in a name
The name Corfu originates from the myth of Korkyra, the island of the Phaeacians. The name Corfù, an Italian version of the Byzantine Κορυφώ (Koryphō), meaning "city of the peaks", derives from the Byzantine Greek Κορυφαί (Koryphai) (crests or peaks), denoting the two peaks of Palaio Frourio. The name is also connected with Greek mythology.
Koumquat citrus tree
Koumquat is the original citrus tree uniquely flourishing on Corfu island, having grown to a trademark fruit of Corfu island, originating from the Far East trades between China and Japan.. It has been cultivated extensively for almost a century in Corfu. Kumquat is the vibrant little gem of the citrus family. In Chinese it means golden orange. It can be eaten with the skin and its flavor is bittersweet Kumquats were brought to Corfu by the British botanist Sidney Merlin in 1860 with origins in China and Japan, which is grown extensively for almost a century in Corfu. It has been used in all local delicacies, from sweet, to liquers and citrusy recipes and exotic cocktails.
Homer, Odyssey and the Phaecians Island, Scheria
Scheria is a mythical place in ancient Greek mythology that was the home of the legendary and mysterious Phaeacians, who were known to be masters of the seas. The first reference to this place is found in Homer’s Odyssey. The island of the Phaeacians was the last destination of Odysseus before arriving to Ithaca. Corfu is one island close to Ithaca and it matches the description of Scheria in the Odyssey.